Category Archives: Black Hairston

Camp Branch Plantation Inventory January 1857

The following is an entry in a Peter W. Hairston notebook (Page 115). It is a January 1857 inventory list of animals and tools in Camp Branch Plantation in Henry County, Virginia.   What follows it here is an entry in the notebook (Page 114) for an inventory of slaves at the same plantation.

Animals

  • 14 Work Horses
  • 6 Colts
  • 70 Sheep
  • 10 Oxen
  • 55 Cattle
  • 100 Hogs
  • 35 Pigs

Tools

  • 2 Ox Carts
  • 7 Wagons
  • 10 Laye Turning Ploughs
  • 10 Small Ploughs
  • 14 Shovel Ploughs
  • 6 Coulters
  • 14 Axes
  • 4 Iron Wedges
  • 9 Cradles
  • 12 Pair of Plough Gears
  • 1 Set of Blacksmith’s Tools
  • 1 Fan Mill
  • 1 Cutting Knife
  • 1 Grind Stone
  • 2 Lock Chains
  • 12 Mattocks
  • 40 Hoes
  • Sowed in fall of 1856 130 baskets of [scratched out]

1857 Jan List of Negroes in Henry County, Virginia

  1. Nelson
  2. Hughes
  3. Miles
  4. Ben
  5. Ity
  6. Booker
  7. Mimy
  8. Marshall
  9. Peter
  10. Daniel
  11. Sucky
  12. Ruth
  13. Randall
  14. Rachael
  15. Louisa
  16. Jefferson
  17. Clary
  18. Milly
  19. Caty
  20. Lucy
  21. Cajah
  22. Wisley
  23. Ann
  24. Tom
  25. Fanny
  26. Sarah
  27. Emanuel
  28. Esther
  29. Letitia
  30. Sucky
  31. Daniel
  32. Silvy
  33. Juicy
  34. Loyd
  35. Elly
  36. Kit
  37. Alcie
  38. Emiline
  39. Annaiky
  40. Eliza
  41. Isaac
  42. Lotty
  43. Evans
  44. Augustine
  45. Darkas
  46. Nathan
  47. Lewis
  48. Edmund
  49. Jane
  50. Patsy
  51. Sandy
  52. Lewis
  53. Salem
  54. Nancy
  55. Haidee
  56. Susan
  57. Clem
  58. Louise
  59. Polly
  60. Nick
  61. Tabby
  62. Jordan
  63. Louisa
  64. Charly
  65. Riely
  66. Isaac
  67. Nick
  68. Peyton
  69. Doctor
  70. Edy
  71. Martha
  72. Edward
  73. Patrick
  74. Marinda
  75. Matilda
  76. Charlotte
  77. Mary
  78. Fanny
  79. Hannah
  80. Fed
  81. John
  82. Ginny
  83. Price
  84. Rose
  85. Jack
  86. Green
  87. Rhody
  88. Mary
  89. Price
  90. Lizzy
  91. Aimy
  92. Lucy
  93. Julina
  94. Bosh
  95. Henderson
  96. Edward
  97. Emanuel
  98. Henry
  99. Tyler
  100. Samina
  101. Bedford
  102. Fanny
  103. Alex
  104. Margaret
  105. Harrison

 

Town Fork Plantation Inventory January 1857

The following is an entry in a Peter W. Hairston notebook (page 116).  It is a January 1857 inventory list of animals and tools of Town Fork Plantation in Davie County, North Carolina.  Beside this list in the notebook is a January 1857 list of Slaves at Town Fork Plantation.

Animals

  • 8 Work Horses
  • 2 Colts
  • 6 Oxen
  • 19 Head of Cattle
  • 28 Sheep
  • 38 Hogs
  • 26 Pigs

Tools

  • 1 Ox Cart
  • 2 Wagons
  • 4 Loye Turning Ploughs
  • 6 Small Ploughs
  • 4 Shovel Ploughs
  • 2 Coulters
  • 7 Axes
  • 4 Iron Hoe Dyes
  • 6 Cradles
  • 7 Pr Plough Gears
  • 2 Fan Mills
  • 2 Cutting Knives
  • 1 Grind Stone
  • 1 Lock Chain
  • 6 Mattocks
  • 8 Hilling Hoes
  • 20 Weeding Hoes

1857 List of Negroes at Town Fork

  1. Alcey
  2. Milly
  3. Granville
  4. Vol
  5. Viney
  6. Edy
  7. Beverly
  8. Tip
  9. Sam
  10. Jane
  11. Ruth
  12. Henry
  13. Lou
  14. Linville
  15. Trammell
  16. Happy
  17. Jim
  18. Fed
  19. Mary
  20. Ed
  21. Fanny
  22. Gilblas
  23. Bob
  24. Peter
  25. Jack
  26. Ennis
  27. Perry
  28. Dick
  29. Maria
  30. James
  31. Gil
  32. Salem
  33. William
  34. Robert
  35. Essex
  36. Stokes
  37. John
  38. Dicy
  39. Shadrack

 

 

 

 

William McBryar, Buffalo Soldier

William Bryar, born February 14, 1861 in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, married Sallie B. Waugh December 6, 1906.  Sallie’s sister Elsie P. Waugh married Dr. Jacob C Hairston, born August 26, 1858 in Martinsville, Virginia.  Jacob C. may have been the son of Jacob Hairston, born 1824 in Martinsville, Virginia and Bettie Hairston.

William McBryar was a Buffalo Soldier in the United States Army and a recipient of the Metal of Honor for his actions during the Cherry Creek Campaign in Arizona Territory.  The Cherry Creek Campaign occurred March 2-7, 1890 near Globe, Arizona.

On March 2, 1890, a group of five “drunken” renegades killed a wagon driver named Herbert and stole two large horses, about ten miles west of Fort Thomas and the San Carlos Reservation.  At the time, Fort Thomas was home to Troop K of the 10th Cavalry Buffalo Soldiers, under the command of Lieutenant Powhatan Clarke, a Metal of Honor recipient who fought in Geronimo’s War. (Wikipedia, Cherry Creek Campaign)

The pursuit through the canyon was so dangerous that at some points the scouts had to lie down and crawl through the narrow passages to trace the renegades’ footprints.  The calvarymen waited down at the river to water the horses but, at about 12:00 pm, the scouts made contact with the fugitives, near the mouth of Cherry Creek.  Lieutenants Clarke and Watson heard the firing from the river and immediately they proceeded towards the sound.  Clarke recalled that he felt “a calm chill looking for a live Indian with a gun down in one of these great canyons.”  Not long after that, the cavalrymen were under fire and they assisted the scouts in trapping the renegades within “a three sided tangle of boulders.”  The renegades put up a “hard fight” but were eventually forced to retreat into a “shallow cave” as the expedition surrounded and moved in on their position.  In the cave the hostiles were safe from direct fire so “one of the sergeants [William McBryar], an excellent shot” began “firing against a rock almost in front of their cave, thereby splattering lead and splintered rock in their faces.”  When the soldiers and the scouts closed to within fifty yards of the cave’s entrance, they prepared to make a charge but the renegades decided to surrender, having lost three killed or wounded out of five men.  (Wikipedia, Cherry Creek Campaign)

Indian Wars Metal of Honor Recipient. He was a sergeant in Company B, 10th United States Cavalry, serving in Arizona on May 11, 1889 [March 7, 1890] when he earned this Metal. His citation reads: Distinguished himself for coolness, bravery, and marksmanship while his troop was in pursuit of hostile Apache Indians. He was awarded this metal on May 15, 1890. He was one of only 18 black soldiers to win the Metal of Honor during the Indian Wars, and the only recipient of the 10th U.S. Cavalry. He was more educated than most recruits, having attended three years of college and being proficient in Spanish. He later rose to the rank of First Lieutenant. He helped give the Buffalo Soldiers a proud heritage. (Find A Grave, William Bryar)

Slave Rations

Slave Narratives are a collection of accounts taken by government workers assigned to go out in about the year 1937 and record the experiences of former slaves before they had all passed away. This work was done under the Work Projects Administration, an agency of the United States government, brought into being by President Roosevelt during his administration. There are many more states where this work was done and many more slave narratives but my research to date has only included South Carolina. For a substantial collection of the slave narratives go to Gutenberg Project under Work Projects Administration for further accounts.

What follows are accounts by former slaves from South Carolina describing in their own words what they were provided in the way of rations during their experience as slaves. Keep in mind the accounts were based on memory and about 72 years had passed since they had had that experience. Of the broader list of slave narratives accounts (this list only includes interesting accounts from those who shared their stories about rations) many could not remember the various things that had happened to them and some did not want to give their experience on various subjects.

“Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome.”
[Booker T. Washington]

“How did they feed us? Had better things to eat then, than now and more
different kind of somethin’s. Us had pears, ‘lasses, shorts, middlings
of de wheat, corn bread, and all kinds of milk and vegetables.”
[South Carolina, Part I, Annie Bell]

“Oh, gourds waz de t’ing in dem days. Dey waz wha’ de peoples hab to
drink outer en wash dey hominy en rice in aw de time. Dey was de bestest
kind uv bowl fa we chillun to eat corn bread en clabber outer. Peoples
dis day en time don’ hab no sech crockery lak de people use’er hab.
Honey, day hab de prettiest little clay bowls den.”
[South Carolina, Part I, Maggie Black]

“We had a pretty good house to live in in slavery time, and some fair
things to eat, but never was paid any money. We had plenty to eat like
fat meat, turnips, cabbages, cornbread, milk and pot-liquor. Master sent
his corn and apples, and his peaches to old man Scruggs at Helena, near
Newberry, to have him make his whiskey, brandy, and wine for him. Old
man Scruggs was good at that business. The men hunted some, squirrels,
rabbits, possums, and birds.”
[South Carolina, Part I, Fordon Bluford]

“Us had plenty to eat in slavery time. It wasn’t de best but it filled
us up and give us strength ‘nough to work. Marster would buy a years
rations on de first of every year and when he git it, he would have some
cooked and would set down and eat a meal of it. He would tell us it
didn’t hurt him, so it won’t hurt us. Dats de kind of food us slaves had
to eat all de year. Of course, us got a heap of vegetables and fruits in
de summer season, but sich as dat didn’t do to work on, in de long
summer days.”
[South Carolina, Part I, Samuel Boulware]

“Molasses was made from watermelons in time of de war. Dey was also made
from May-apples or may-pops as some call dem, and sometimes dey was made
from persimmons and from wheat brand. In Confederate days, Irish potato
tops was cooked fer vegetables. Blackberry leaves was ocassionally used
fer greens or fer seasoning lambs quarters.”
[South Carolina, Part I, George Briggs]

“De old lady, she looked after every blessed
thing for us all day long en cooked for us right along wid de mindin.
Well, she would boil us corn meal hominy en give us dat mostly wid milk
for breakfast. Den dey would have a big garden en she would boil peas en
give us a lot of soup like dat wid dis here oven bread.”
[South Carolina, Part I, Josephine Bristow]

“The slaves had a plenty o’ vegetables all the time. Master planted t’ree
acres jus’ for the slaves which was attended to in the mornin’s before
tas’ time. All provision was made as to the distribution on Monday
evenin’s afta tas’.”

“Sat’day was a workin’ day but the tas’ was much shorter then other days.
Men didn’t have time to frolic ’cause they had to fin’ food for the
fambly; master never give ‘nough to las’ the whole week. A peck o’ co’n,
t’ree pound o’ beacon, quart o’ molasses, a quart o’ salt, an’ a pack o’
tobacco was given the men. The wife got the same thing but chillun
accordin’ to age. Only one holiday slaves had an’ that was Christmas.”
[South Carolina, Part I, Henry Brown]

“Aw, we had good eats den. Wish I has some of dem old ash-cakes now
which was cooked in de brick oven or in de ashes in de fireplace. My
mistress had a big garden, and give us something to eat out of it. We
used to go hunting, and killed possums, rabbit, squirrels, and birds.”
[South Carolina, Part I, Wallace Davis]

“Cook in
clay oven en on de fireplace. Make up fire en when it die down, dey put
tatoes (potatoes) in de oven en let em stay dere all night. My God, won’
nothin no better den dem oven tatoes was. Some of de time, dey have wire
in de chimney wid de pots hanging on dat. Folks used to make up a cake
of corn bread en pat it on de hearth en when de fire burn right low, dey
cover de cake all up in pile of ashes. When it get done, it be brown
through de ashes en dey take it out en wash en rub all de ashes off it.
Den it was ready to eat. Dat what dey call ash cake. Just seem like what
de peoples used to cook be sweeter eatin den what dey cooks dis day en
time.”
[South Carolina, Part I, William Henry Davis]

“Would give us three meals a day cause de old woman
always give us supper fore us mammy come out de field dat evenin. Dem
bigger ones, dey would give dem clabber en boil peas en collards
sometimes. Would give de little babies boil pea soup en gruel en suck
bottle. Yes, mam, de old woman had to mind all de yearlin chillun en de
babies, too. Dat all her business was. I recollects her name, it been
Lettie. Would string us little wooden bowls on de floor in a long row en
us would get down dere en drink just like us was pigs. Oh, she would
give us a iron spoon to taste wid, but us wouldn’ never want it. Oh, my
Lord, I remember just as good, when we would see dem bowls of hot
ration, dis one en dat one would holler, ‘dat mine, dat mine.’ Us would
just squat dere en blow en blow cause we wouldn’ have no mind to drink
it while it was hot. Den we would want it to last a long time, too. My
happy, I can see myself settin dere now coolin dem vitals (victuals).”
[South Carolina, Part I, Ryer Emmanuel]

“As I has said once, de fields was in lay-by shape and de Missus done
already got de house cleaned. De chilluns was put in one room to sleep
and dat make more room fer de preachers and guests dat gwine to visit in
de big house fer de nex’ six weeks. Den de plans fer cooking had to be
brung ’bout. Dey never had no ice in dem days as you well knows; but us
had a dry well under our big house. It was deep and everything keep real
cool down dar. Steps led down into it, and it allus be real dark down
dar. De rats run aroun’ down dar and de younguns skeert to go down fer
anything. So us carry a lightwood not [HW: knot] fer light when us put
anything in it or take anything out. Dar ain’t no need fer me to tell
you ’bout de well house where us kept all de milk and butter, fer it was
de talk o’ de country ’bout what nice fresh milk and butter de missus
allus had. A hollow oak log was used fer de milk trough. Three times a
day Cilla had her lil’ boy run fresh cool well water all through de
trough. Dat keep de milk from gwine to whey and de butter fresh and
cool. In de dry well was kept de canned things and dough to set till it
had done riz. When company come like dey allus did fer de camp meetings,
shoalts and goats and maybe a sheep or lamb or two was kilt fer barbecue
out by Cilla’s cabin. Dese carcasses was kept down in de dry well over
night and put over de pit early de next morning after it had done took
salt. Den dar was a big box kivvered wid screen wire dat victuals was
kept in in de dry well. Dese boxes was made rat proof.”

“Lots of times Newt and Anderson would tell me and John to come and git
under de steps while ole Marse was eating his supper. When he git up
from de table us lil’ niggers would allus hear de sliding o’ his chair,
kaize he was sech a big fat man. Den he go into de missus room to set by
de fire. Dar he would warm his feets and have his Julip. Quick as
lightning me and John scamper from under de steps and break fer de big
cape jasamine bushes long de front walk. Dar we hide, till Anderson and
Newt come out a fetching ham biscuit in dey hands fer us. It would be so
full of gravy, dat sometime de gravy would take and run plumb down to de
end o’ my elbow and drap off, ‘fo I could git it licked offn my wrists.
Dem was de best rations dat a nigger ever had. When dey had honey on de
white folks table, de boys never did fail to fetch a honey biscuit wid
dem. Dat was so good dat I jest take one measley lil’ bite of honey and
melted butter on my way to de ‘quarter. I would jest taste a leetle.
When I git to Mammy den me and Mammy set off to ourself’s and taste it
till it done all gone. Us had good times den; like I never is had befo’
or since.”

“All de fields was enclosed wid a split rail fence in dem days. De hands
took dey rations to de field early every morning and de wimmens slack
work round eleven by de sun fer to build de fire and cook dinner. Missus
‘low her niggers to git buttermilk and clabber, when de cows in full, to
carry to de field fer drinking at noon, dat is twelve o’clock. All de
things was fetched in waggins and de fire was built and a pot was put to
bile wid greens when dey was in season. Over coals meat was baked and
meal in pones was wrapped in poplar leaves to bake in de ashes. ‘Taters
was done de same way, both sweet ‘taters and irish. Dat made a good
field hand dinner. Plenty was allud had and den ‘lasses was also fetched
along. Working niggers does on less dese days.”

“Does you know dat de poplar leaves was wet afo’ de meal pone was put in
it? Well, it was, and when it got done de ashes was blowed off wid your
breath and den de parched leaves folded back from de cooked pone. De
poplar leaves give de ash cake a nice fresh sweet taste. All forks and
spoons was made out’n sticks den; even dem in de big house kitchen.
Bread bowls and dough trays was all made by de skilled slaves in de
Marse’s shop, by hands dat was skilled to sech as dat.”

“Sides dat dem chilluns was fed. Each child had a maple fork and spoon
to eat wid. Lil’ troughs was made fer dem to eat de milk and bread from.
‘Shorts’, low stools, was made fer dem to set up to de troughs to,
whilst dey was eating. De other ole ladies helped wid de preparations of
dey messes o’ vittals. One ole woman went her rounds wid a wet rag a
wiping dem chilluns dresses when dey would spill dey milk and bread.
Marse Tom and sometime Missus come to see de lil’ babies whilst dey was
a eating. De other ole ladies ‘tended to de small babies. Sometimes it
was many as fifteen on de plantation at one time dat was too little to
walk.”
[South Carolina, Part II, Gus Feaster]

“Yes sir, us had a plenty of rations to eat; no fancy vittles, just
plain corn bread, meat and vegetables. Dere was no flour bread or any
kind of sweet stuff for de slaves to eat. Master say sweet things
‘fected de stomach and teeth in a bad way. He wanted us to stay well and
healthy so us could work hard.”
[South Carolina, Part II, Jane Johnson]

“We had home-raised meat, lots of hogs and cattle. Marse had a big
garden and we got lots of vegetables. Marse fed slaves in a trough in de
yard. He had his own smokehouse whar he cured his meat. His flour was
ground in de neighborhood. Sometimes he give a slave family a small
patch to plant watermelons in.”
[South Carolina, Part II, Mary Jane Kelly]

“Our food in slavery time was good and a lot of it. De food was cooked
good and prepared for us by servants dat didn’t do nothin’ else but
‘tend to de food dat de rest of de slaves had to eat. When us had beef
us went to de pasture for it; when us had pork, us went to de hog lot.
De cabbage and turnips come from de garden and field dere at home, and
when us was eatin’ them us knowed they didn’t come from out yonder, like
de stuff us has to eat dese days.”
[South Carolina, Part III, Walter Long]

“I went hungry many days, even when I was a slave. Sometimes I would
have to pick up discarded corn on the cob, wipe the dirt off and eat it.
Sometimes during slavery, though, we had plenty to eat, but my master
would give us just anything to eat. He didn’t care what we got to eat.”

“I sure was scared of my master, he treated us niggers just like we was
dogs.”
[South Carolina, Part III, Victoria Perry]

“Some of the nigger boys hunted ‘possums,
rabbits and squirrels. Dr. Scurry had 100 acres in woods. They were just
full of squirrels and we killed more squirrels than you can count.”
[South Carolina, Part IV, Morgan Scurry]

“Us chillun slept on de floor. Mammy had some kind of ‘traption or
other, ‘ginst de wall of de log house us live in, for her and de baby
child to git in at night. Us have plenty to eat, sich as: peas, ‘tatoes,
corn bread, ‘lasses, buttermilk, turnips, collards and fat meat.”
[South Carolina, Part IV, Dan Smith]

“Mossa’s custom at de end of de week wus to give a dry peck o’ corn
which you had to grin’ on Sat’day ebenin’ w’en his wurk wus done. Only
on Chris’mus he killed en give a piece o’ meat. De driber did de
distribution o’ de ration. All young men wus given four quarts o’ corn
a week, while de grown men wus given six quarts. All of us could plant
as much lan’ as we wuld fur our own use. We could raise fowls. My master
wus a gentleman, he treat all his slaves good. My fadder an’ me wus his
favorite.”
[South Carolina, Part IV, Prince Smith]

Key to Hairston Roster of Slaves

The following is a key to Hairston roster of slaves that I am using to identify slave names in an attempt to trace them to families, census, birth and death records, and to tie them to events and locations.

The citation is “The Cooleemee Plantation and Its People” by Peter W. Hairston, History Division, Hunter Publishing Company, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.  Appendix A, Roster of Slaves on Hairston Plantations in Alphabetical Order

[A]  1817 Peter Wilson Estate (Berry Hill), Pittsylvania County, Virginia (29)

[B] 1817 Peter Wilson Estate (Oak Hill), Pittsylvania County, Virginia (59)

[C]  1832 Peter Hairston Estate (203)

[D] Post 1832 list Peter Hairston Estate at Cooleemee (14)

[E]  1852 Inventory of Estate of Peter Hairston signed by Ruth S. Hairston and Agnes J.P. W. Hairston for Saura Town, Belew’s Creek, Muddy Creek and Cooleemee.

Davie, Davidson, and Rowan Counties, North Carolina:

[AX]  1850 Taxable list Cooleemee (57)

[AA]  1856 Taxable list Davie County (73)

[AB]  Undated list of Ruth S. Hairston, Davie County (11)

[AC]  1857 Taxable slaves in Davie County (88)

[AD]  1857 List of negroes at Cooleemee Hill (166)

[AE]  1857 Taxable slaves in Davidson County (35)

[AF]  1858 Black poles listed in Davie County (95)

[AG]  1858 Taxable slaves in Davidson County (36)

[AH]  1858 Household lists of negroes at Cooleemee Hill (78)

[AI]  1858 List of negroes South Yadkin (includes the portion of the Cooleemee Plantation lying in Davidson County (73)

[AJ]  1858 List of negroes at Cooleemee Hill Plantation (72)

[AK]  1858 List of children at Cooleemee Hill Plantation (15)

[AL]  List of taxable slaves given in Davie County (100)

[AM]  1859-1960 Taxable slaves in Davidson County (37)

[AN] 1859 List of negroes at South Yadkin (63)

[AO]  1861 List given in by G.G. Mason.  Grief Mason was one of the Cooleemee managers in Davie County (32)

[AP]  1863 List of slaves at The Shoals in Davie County.  The Shoals was acquired in 1859 and was located approximately where Cooleemee Town now is, 12 miles southwest of the Cooleemee Plantation (6).

[AQ]  1863 List of names of negroes and their ages at Cooleemee, Francis Nelson, Manager.

[AR]  1863 List of negroes at Cooleemee #2, Orrender, Manager.

[AS]  1863 List of names and their ages on South Yadkin, John Giles, Manager.

[AT]  1864 Negroes at The Shoals.  (9)

[AU]  April 1864 List of Negroes given in at the Fork.  (This is clearly a tax list.  Fork is a small village near the west end of Cooleemee in Davie County.) (189)

[AV]  1864 List of negroes at St. John’s.  (St. John’s in Rowan County was a plantation bought by Peter W. Hairston in 1857.) (63)

[AW]  1864 List of negroes sent to Riverdale.  (Riverdale was land in Davidson County, just downstream from the Cooleemee Plantation.  It was bought in 1852.) (53)

[AY]  Children born at Cooleemee 1839 Joel Lyon’s list (2)

[AZ]  Children born at Cooleemee 1840 Joel Lyon’s list (8)

[AAA]  Children born at Cooleemee 1842 Joel Lyon’s list (8)

[AAB]  Children born at Cooleemee 1843 Joel Lyon’s list (5)

[AAC]  Children born at Cooleemee 1844 (8)

[AAD]  Children born at Cooleemee 1845 (8)

[AAE]  Children born at Cooleemee 1846 (5)

[AAF]  Children born at Cooleemee 1847 (6)

[AAG]  Children born at Cooleemee 1848 (7)

[AAH]  Children born at Cooleemee 1849 (8)

[AAI]  Children born at Cooleemee 1850 (7)

[AAJ]  Children born at Cooleemee 1851 (18)

[AAK]  Children born at Cooleemee 1852 (2)

[AAL]  Children born at Cooleemee 1853 (14)

[AAM]  Children born at Cooleemee 1854 (9)

[AAN]  Children born at Cooleemee 1855 (9)

[AAO]  Children born at Cooleemee 1856 (10)

[AAP]  Children born at Cooleemee 1857 (15)

[AAQ]  Children born at Cooleemee 1858 (17)

[AAR]  Children born at Cooleemee 1859 (11)

[AAS]  Children born at Cooleemee 1860 (15)

[AAT]  Hands hired to Conrad and Williams to build Cooleemee (15)

Stokes County:

[BAP]  1819 List sent to Claiborne Mills.  (Mr. Mills was the manager at Muddy Creek Plantation.)

[BA]  A list of the people at the Old Town.  [Old Town had reference to the Saura Town Indian Village shown on old maps as “The Upper Saura Town”. (50)

[BB]  1838 Names of Hannah’s children that don’t work (7)

[BC]  1838 Rachel children (3)

[BD]  1838 Nancy Wilson (2)

[BE]  1838 Big Mary children (2)

[BF]  1838 Bank Mary children (1) At Old Town

[BG]  1838 Happy’s child (1)

[BH]  1838 Patience children (3)

[BI]  1838 Big Creasy children (3)

[BJ] 1842 List of negroes at Home House (later called Hamburg) (80)

[BK]  1842 Buzzard’s Roost (25)

[BL] 1842 Old Town (79)

[BM]  1842 Shoe Buckle (60)

[BN]  1842 Belew’s Creek (Belew’s Creek also sometimes Blue’s Creek) (19)

[BO]  1842 Souther’s Place (67)

[BP]  1842 Muddy Creek (28)

[BQ]  1843 List of taxable slaves given in by William Jeffrey’s at Home House (24)

[BR]  1843 List of taxable slaves at Shoe Buckle (27)

[BS]  1843 Taxable slaves at the Town (probably Old Town) (46)

[BT]  1845-1850 birth of negroes.  (Where possible the main list shows name and place of mother and child.) (81)

[BU]  1847 birth of negroes (5)

[BV]  1857 List of negroes at Town Fork.  (Town Fork is a stream running into the Dan River below Saura Town.  The reference here is to the part of the Saura Town Plantation lying south of the stream.) (39)

[BW]  1857 Shoe Buckle negroes (79)

[BX]  1857 Muddy Creek (19)

[BY]  1857 Southern’s Place (Southern’s Place was added to Saura Town by purchase.  It was south of Town Fork.) (57)

[BZ]  1858 List of negroes at Town Fork (42)

[BAA]  1859 Births (22)

[BAB]  1860 Births (14)

[BAC]  1861 Shoe Buckle negroes (54)

[BAD]  1861 Southern’s Place negroes (30)

[BAE]  1861 Old Town negroes (82)

[BAF]  1861 Muddy Creek negroes (23)

[BAG]  1861 Brown Place negroes (Brown Place was part of Saura Town ?) (35)

[BAH]  1861 Hamburg negros (130)

[BAI]  1861 Births (25)

[BAJ]  1862 Births (11)

[BAK]  Blue’s Creek negros (22)

[BAL]  1863 Births (11)

[BAM]  1863 List of negroes and their ages at Town Fork, Mr. Austin, Manager (60)

[BAN]  1864 Births (10)

[BAO]  1865 Births

[BAW]  Children born in 1850 (17)

[BAS]  Children born in 1851 (19)

[BAX]  Children born 1852 (20)

Virginia:

[CA]  1857 (1) Negroes in Patrick County, Virginia (4)    (2) Henry County (105)

[CB]  1858 Negroes at Camp Branch (Plantation in Henry County Belonging to Peter W. Hairston) (108)

[CC]  1858 Negroes in Patrick County, Virginia (5)

[CD]  List of names of negroes and their ages at Camp Branch, Johnston Giles manager (135)

Additional Lists:

[DA]  1825 List of slaves allowed to carry a gun and hunt on his master’s land

Three lists of negroes in Patrick County belonging to Saura Town Estate:

[BAQ]  1855 A list of negroes at Jesse Giles’ manager

[BAR]  1855 List of 30 negroes at Shelton’s Place

[BAT]  1855 “Walker’s negroes.”

[BAU]  1845 List of negroes at Leatherwood at Jo. Jamerson manager

[BAV]  1845 List of George W. Wilson’s

[CE]  1852 Slaves in Henry County, Virginia (part of Peter Hairston Estate Inventory) (164)

[CH)  1852 Slaves in Patrick County, Virginia on the plantation of Samuel P. Wilson (Sam’l P. Wilson was married to Ruth Hairston, daughter of Samuel and Agnes J.P. Wilson Hairston.  He was also one of the executors named in the will of Peter Hairston.) (109)

[CG]  1852 Supplemental to estate inventory of Peter Hairston.  Pittsylvania County, Virginia.  (23)

[CF]  1852 Supplemental of same in Pittsylvania County, Virginia (2)

From Census and Lists of Grantees in North Carolina:

[DB]  1880 Census Fulton Township, Davie County (87)

[DC]  1880 Census Boone Township, Davidson County (24)

[DD]  1880 Census Tyro Township, Davidson County (35)

[DE]  1880 Census Yadkin College Township, Davidson County (8)

[DF]  1870 Census Tyro Township, Davidson County (45)

[DG]  1870 Census Boone Township, Davidson County (60) (None in Yadkin College Township)

[DH]  1870 Census Fulton Township, Davie County (209)

[DI]  1865 to 1900 Grantee Indexes under Hairston.  Davie, Davidson, and Rowan Counties (20)

What follows this key is a slave list of approximately 2,000 slave names in alphabetical order  which I have incorporated into The Hairston Story (although they have not been incorporated very well yet).

 

 

 

 

 

Description of Plantations

The Hairston Plantations were located in five principal areas as follows:

The general area around Martinsville, Henry County, Virginia:

1. Marrowbone Plantation

2. Beaver Creek Plantation

3. Hordsville Plantation

4. Red Plains Plantation

5. Chatmoss Plantation

6. Leatherwood Plantation.  Jo Jamerson, Manager.

7. Burnt Chimneys Plantation

8. Magna Vista Plantation

9. Camp Branch Plantation.  Johnston Giles, Manager.

10. Horse Pasture Plantation

11. Shawnee Plantation

12.  Poverty Plains Plantation

13. Old Home Plantation

14. Column Hill Plantation

15. Locust Grove Plantation

Pittsylvania County, Virginia:

16. Berry Hill Plantation

17. Oak Hill Plantation

18. Royal Oak Plantation

19. Cobb Town Plantation

20. Windsor Plantation

21. Michaux Plantation

Patrick County, Virginia:

22. Old Fort Plantation

Franklin County, Virginia:

23. Long Branch Plantation

The general area around Walnut Cove, Stokes County, North Carolina generally known as Sauratown which consisted of 10,000 acres:

24. Old Town Plantation, had reference to the Saura Indian Village shown on old maps as “The Upper Saura Town.”

25. Hamburg (or Home House) Plantation, northwest of the present house, on the west side of the Dan River.

26. Town Fork Plantation.  Town Fork is a stream running into the Dan River below Saura Town.  The reference here is to the part of the Saura Town Plantation lying south of the stream. Mr. Austin, Manager.

27. Shoe Buckle Plantation

28. Muddy Creek Plantation, below Town Fork in Stokes County.  Claiborne Mills, Manager.

29. Southern Place Plantation.  Southern Place was added to Saura Town by purchase.  It was south of Town Fork.

30. Buzzards Roost Plantation, on the east side of the Dan River, north of Shoe Buckle.

31. Home Place Plantation

32. Browns Place Plantation.  Brown’s place was part of Saura Town.

33. Daltons Place Plantation

34. The Riddles Plantation

35. Bostic Place Plantation

36. Sheltons Place Plantation

Forsyth County, North Carolina:

37. Belews Creek Plantation, the northeast corner of Forsyth County. Also sometimes Blue’s Creek.

Rowan County, North Carolina:

38. St. Johns Plantation, was bought by Peter W. Hairston in 1857.

The general area around Cooleemee, Fulton County, North Carolina:

39. Cooleemee Plantation.  Francis Nelson, Manager.

40. Cooleemee #2 Plantaton.  Mr. Orrender, Manager.

41. Cooleemee Hill Plantation

42. South Yadkin Plantation.  John Giles, Manager.

43. Riverdale Plantation, was land in Davidson County just downstream from the Cooleemee Plantation.  It was bought in 1852.

44. The Shoals Plantation, acquired in 1859 and was located approximately where Cooleemee Town now is, 12 miles southwest of the Cooleemee Plantation.

45. The Fork Plantation, was a small village near the west end of Cooleemee in Davie County.

The general area around Lowndes County, Mississippi:

46. Old Fort Plantation

47. Crawford Plantation

48. Columbus Plantation

49. Pepper Place Plantation

Marshall County, Mississippi:

50. Bend Plantation

Yalo County, Mississippi:

51. Blackflat Plantation

52. Chocktaw Springs Plantation

53. Moores Bluff Plantation

54. Nashville Place Plantation