Jubal Anderson Early

Jubal Anderson Early was born November 3, 1816 in the Red Valley section of Franklin County, Virginia, to Mason Joab Early and Ruth Stovall Hairston. Ruth Stovall Hairston was born 1794 to Samuel Hairston and Judith Saunders. Samuel Hairston was born September 25, 1755 to Robert Hairston (son of immigrant Peter Hairston) and Ruth Stovall.

Wikipedia says of Jubal Anderson Early:  The Early family was a well connected old Virginia family.  Early’s father operated an extensive tobacco plantation of more that 4,000 acres at the foot of the Blue Ridge.  Early attended local schools as well as private academies in Lynchburg and Danville before entering West Point in 1833.  He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1837, ranked 18th of 50.  After graduating from the Academy, Early fought against the Seminole in Florida as a second lieutenant in the 3rd U.S Artillery Regiment before resigning from the Army for the first time in 1838.  He practiced law in the 1840’s as a prosecutor for both Franklin and Floyd Counties in Virginia.  He was noted for a case in Mississippi where he beat the top lawyers in the state.  His law practice was interrupted by the Mexican-American War, in which he served as a Major with the 1st Virginia Volunteers from 1847-1848.  He served in the Virginia House of Delegates from 1841-1843.  Early was a Whig and strongly opposed secession at the April 1861 Virginia convention for that purpose.  He accepted a commission as a brigadier general in the Virginia Militia.  He was sent to Lynchburg, Virginia, to raise three regiments and then commanded one of them, the 24th Virginia infantry, as a colonel in the Confederate States Army.  Early was promoted to brigadier general after the First Battle of Bull Run in July 1861.  He fought most of the battles in the eastern theater.  At Antietam, Jubal ascended to division command.  At Fredericksburg, Early saved the day by counterattacking a division of Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, which penetrated a gap in Jackson’s lines.  He was promoted to major general on January 17, 1863.  Approaching Gettysburg from the northeast on July 1, 1863, Early’s division was on the left most flank of the confederate line.  He soundly defeated Brig. Gen. Francis Barlow’s division (part of the Union XI Corps), inflicting three times the casualties to the defenders as he suffered, and drove the Union troops back through the streets of town capturing many of them.  On May 31, 1864, Lee expressed his confidence in Early’s initiative and abilities at higher command levels, promoting him to the temporary rank of lieutenant general.  In the Valley Campaigns of 1864, Lee sent Early’s Corps to sweep the Union forces from the Shenandoah Valley and to menace Washington, D.C. , hoping to compel Grant to dilute his forces against Lee around Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia.  Early’s invasion caused considerable panic in Washington and Baltimore , and he was able to get to the outskirts of Washington.  Realizing Early could easily attack Washington, Grant sent out an army under the command of Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan to subdue his forces.  At times outnumbering the Confederates three to one , Sheridan defeated Early in three battles, starting in early August , and laid waste to much of the agricultural properties in the Valley.  Early fought in the battle of the Wilderness and assumed command of the ailing A. P. Hill’s Third Corps during the march to intercept Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Spotsylvania Court House.  At the Battle of Cold Harbor, Lee replaced the ineffectual Ewell with Early as the commander of the Second Corps.  When the Army of Northern Virginia surrendered April 9, 1865, Early escaped to Texas by horseback, where he hoped to find a Confederate force still holding out.  He proceeded to Mexico, and from there sailed to Cuba, and Canada.  Early was pardoned in 1868 by President Andrew Johnson but still remained an unreconstructed rebel.  In 1869, he returned to Virginia and resumed the practice of law.  At the age of 77, after falling down a flight of stairs, Early died in Lynchburg, Virginia.